Louis braille. NBP

An awl is a tool that looks like a short pointed stick, with a round, wooden handle An exception is that formatting, such as the centering of main headings, is commonly used in braille in much the same way, and for most of the same purposes, as in print
His original objective was to allow soldiers to compose and read messages at night without illumination Louis Braille originally laid out the 63 nonblank characters in a seven-line table, an arrangement still universally used for the study of braille
They put a cloth over his eye The fifteen-year-old Braille was inspired by a lecture Barbier gave at the Institute a few years later
Braille made full use of the knowledge and resources available to him, and soon became a top student, particularly excelling in music Simon-René had a business manufacturing leather goods and had his own workshop in the house
While pressing down to drive the point in, the tool slipped and struck him in one eye Braille died in 1852, at the age of 43 due to a respiratory disease
However, his method has now become the worldwide standard used by the blind Unfortunately, there were very few books available for blind students
The reader could trace his or her fingers over the paper to make out the letters If a blind child is taught braille skills with the same sense of importance that is rightly attached to the teaching of print skills to sighted children, he or she will grow up able to read at speeds comparable to print readers, a life skill of inestimable value
Over 150 years after Louis Braille worked out his basic 6-dot system, its specific benefits remain unmatched by any later technology -- though some, computers being a prime example, both complement and contribute to braille The basic simplicity of the braille system makes it easy to miss some of the depth and subtlety that are the real reasons for its success for so many years
Although Louis Braille went on to become a loved and respected teacher, was encouraged in his research, and remained secure in his own mind as to the value of his work, his system of touch reading and writing was nevertheless not very widely accepted in his own time This contrasts with the 3500 or so characters that will fit on a standard, smaller, typed page
The priest gave Louis lessons for a year, but Louis wanted to go to the village school with the other children It was based on an array of 12 dots, which could be rearranged to form different letters and words
He is now regarded as one of the greatest pioneers in helping blind people to progress The books were also cumbersome to hold due to their size
Because of his excellent academic prowess, he was sent to study at the Royal Institution for Blind Youth in Paris when he was 10 years old, where he also received a scholarship Books in this type are still in limited use by elderly people, particularly in Great Britain
Braille also made reins, saddles and collars for the villagers' horses Louis was excited about this new way to read
The first Braille writing machine, the Hall Braille writer, was invented in 1892 by Frank H In 1878, the World Congress for the Blind voted to make Braille the system of reading and writing for all blind people worldwide
Friday: Would Louis' invention ever be used to help all blind people? There was no hospital in Coupvray He played so well, he worked as an organist at a nearby church
He spent most of his free time learning the system It was damp and dark, and the students were given very little food
He tried again, pushing harder A modified form of this device is still in use today, as are later, similar devices
At first the injury didn't seem serious, but then the wound became infected Louis got hold of some of this code and tried it out
His parents, two sisters and brother ran to help him However, there are advocates for making grade 1 braille more widely available, so that, for example, persons who become blind later in life will have less to memorize and hence will find braille more immediately useful
By 1824, Louis had in place the code that bears his name and is used today in almost every country in the world, adapted to almost every known language from Albanian to Zulu He even added symbols so that blind musicians could read and write music
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