Protektionismus. EU

The Review of Economics and Statistics. Globaltradealert. imposed much higher average tariff rates on manufactured products than did Britain or any other European country, with the exception for a period of time of Spain and Russia. Paul Bairoch 1995. Cambridge Core. The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain.

Overall, restricting imports through the implementation of product standards can often lead to a higher volume of product production domestically.


1 January 2003.

; Khandelwal, Amit K.

Conflict [ ] Protectionism has also been accused of being one of the major causes of war.

"Tariffs and Growth in Late Nineteenth-Century America".

World Economy.

Globalization and the State: Volume II: Trade Agreements, Inequality, the Environment, Financial Globalization, International Law and Vulnerabilities.

Baldwin, Richard E.

This can lead to a product standard requirement or a blockage of certain imports due to regulatory enforcement.

13 March 2012.